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Further Reading:

James Gibson developed the ecological approach to perception and mostly studied it in relation to vision. More recently Eric Clarke and others have applied the approach to the study of music and sound.

Clarke, E.F., 1999. Subject Position and the Specification of Invariants in Music by Frank Zappa and P J Harvey. Music Analysis, 18(3), pp.347–374.

Clarke, E.F., 2005. Ways of Listening: An Ecological Approach to the Perception of Musical Meaning, Oxford University Press, USA.

Gibson, J.J., 1979. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception, Psychology Press.

McGurk, H. & MacDonald, J., 1976. Hearing lips and seeing voices. Nature, 264(5588), pp.746–748.

Moore, A.F., 2012. Song Means: Analysing and Interpreting Recorded Popular Song, Farnham: Ashgate Pub Ltd.

Zagorski-Thomas, S., 2015. An Analysis of Space, Gesture and Interaction in Kings of Leon’s “Sex On Fire” (2008). In R. von Appen et al., eds. Twenty-First-Century Pop Music Analyses: Methods, Models, Debates. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

Zagorski-Thomas, S., 2012. Musical Meaning and the Musicology of Record Production. Beitraege zur Popularmusikforschung, 38.